The Board of Directors consists of seven directors. The Board oversees the conduct and supervises the management and affairs of Aeterna Zentaris. The Board meets regularly to consider particular issues or conduct specific reviews whenever deemed appropriate. Before the start of each financial year, the Board approves Aeterna Zentaris' annual budget and strategic objectives. 


Michael Cardiff ¹ 


Michael was appointed to our Board on January 29, 2016 and elected as a director by our shareholders at our 2016 annual meeting. He was most recently Global Senior Vice President for the Office of the CFO Business Unit at INFOR, a $3 billion revenue software company. His business unit included software for financials, payroll, human resources, performance management, business improvement, planning and forecasting, compliance and risk management.  Prior to holding that position, Michael held numerous senior positions in a number of technology companies, including large multinationals such as EDS, SAP and IBM, as well as startup companies such as Fincentric, Convergent Technologies, Tandem, and Stratus Computer. Michael is currently a director of Hydrogenics Corporation (NASDAQ: HYGS; TSX: HYG), and Startech.Com. He has also served as a director of other publicly traded companies, including Husky Injection Molding, Descartes Systems Group, Visible Genetics and Burntsand Inc.  He has also been a director of private companies, including Solcorp, Spectra Security Software and Visible Decisions and not-for-profit organizations such as The Toronto Film Festival, Roy Thomson Hall and Medic Alert Foundation. Michael is a member of, and holds the ICD.D designation from, the Institute of Corporate Directors.


Carolyn Egbert ²


Carolyn has served as a director on our Board since August 2012 and as Chair of our Board since May 2016. After enjoying the private practice of law as a defense litigator in Michigan and Washington, D.C., she joined Solvay America, Inc. ("Solvay") (a chemical and pharmaceutical company) in Houston, Texas. Over the course of a twenty-year career with Solvay, she held the positions of Vice President, Human Resources, President of Solvay Management Services, Global Head of Human Resources and Senior Executive Vice President of Global Ethics and Compliance. During her tenure with Solvay, she served as a director on the Board of Directors of seven subsidiary companies and as Chair of one subsidiary board.  After retiring in 2010, she established a consulting business providing expertise in corporate governance, ethics and compliance, organizational development, executive compensation and strategic human resources.  She holds a Bachelor of Sciences degree in Biological Sciences from George Washington University, Washington D.C. and a Juris Doctor degree from Seattle University, Seattle, Washington. Carolyn also was a Ph.D. candidate in Pharmacology at both Georgetown University Medical School at Washington, D.C. and Northwestern University Medical School at Chicago, Illinois. She remains an active member of both the Michigan State Bar and the District of Columbia Bar, Washington, D.C.




Dr. Norton is a business leader in the life science industry with operational and director experience across several successful enterprises which have achieved significant product sales and returns for investors. He uses his cross functional knowledge to develop strategy, raise capital and build important relationships in the academic and business community. Dr. Norton founded PreMD, completing IPO’s and listings on both the Toronto Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange. Operationally, he has research and development and commercial operations, led transactions with AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly, L’Oreal, Parke Davis/Pfizer, etc., and taken products through the FDA to global out-licensing with Johnson & Johnson. He is a founding Director of Novadaq Technologies (TSX:NDQ, NASDAQ:NVDQ) and was recently sold to Stryker Corporation. Dr. Norton has been an active member of several boards in Canada and the United States. He is a Venture Partner at Lumira Capital, Executive Chairman & CEO of Ortho RTI, a member of the Research Committee for CAMH, an Advisory BOD member for the Ivey International Centre for Health Innovation, a Director of Alpine Ontario and Past-President and Director of the Osler Bluff Ski Club.


Juergen Ernst, M.B.A.²


Juergen has served as a director on the Board since 2005.  As the former General Manager of the Pharmaceutical Sector of Solvay S.A. (international chemical and pharmaceutical group), Juergen had extensive senior management experience, where, among other functions, he oversaw the human resources department. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of Pharming Group N.V., a publicly traded biotechnology company based in the Netherlands.


Gérard Limoges ¹ 


Gérard has served as a director on our Board since 2004.  He served as the Deputy Chairman of Ernst & Young LLP Canada until his retirement in September 1999.  After a career of 37 years with Ernst & Young, Gérard has been devoting his time as a director of a number of companies. He began his career with Ernst & Young in Montreal in 1962.  After graduating from the Management Faculty of the Université de Montréal (HEC Montréal) in 1966, he wrote the CICA exams the same year (Honors: Governor General's Gold Medal for the highest marks in Canada and Gold Medal of the Ordre des Comptables Agréés du Québec).  Gérard became a chartered accountant in 1967 and partner of Ernst & Young in 1971.  After practicing as auditor since 1962 and partner since 1971, he was appointed Managing Partner of the Montreal Office in 1979 and Chairman for Quebec in 1984 when he also joined the National Executive Committee. In 1992, Gérard was appointed Vice Chairman of Ernst & Young Canada and the following year, Deputy Chairman of the Canadian firm. After retirement from practice at the end of September 1999, he was appointed Trustee of the School Board of Greater Montreal (1999), member of the Quebec Commission on Health Care and Social Services (2000-2001) and special advisor to the Rector of the Université de Montréal and affiliate schools (2000-2003). Gérard, at the request of the Board of Directors of the Université de Montréal, participated in the selection of the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine in 2011. He is also a trustee and chairman of the Audit Committee of PROREIT (TSX)and is a board member of various private companies and charities. Gérard became an FCPA, FCA (Fellow) in 1984 and received the Order of Canada in 2002.


Jonathan Pollack ¹ 

Corporate Director

Jonathan Pollack is the President of The JMP Group, a private investment and consulting firm.  He is also a director of several public and private companies including CECO Environmental Corp. (NASDAQ:CECE).  Mr. Pollack also served as a director of API Technologies Corp. (NASDAQ: ATNY), Pinetree Capital Ltd. (TSX:PNP), Hanfeng Evergreen Inc. (TSX:HF) and Lifebank Corp. (TSX-V:LBK). Previously, he served as Executive Vice President of API Technologies Corp. (NASDAQ:ATNY), a leading provider of RF/microwave, microelectronics and security technologies for critical and high-reliability applications from 2009 and as a director from 2007 until January 2011 when it was sold.  From March 2005 through its sale in 2009, he served as the Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary of Kaboose Inc. Prior thereto, he worked in investment banking in New York. Mr. Pollack received a Master of Science in Finance from the London School of Economics and a Bachelor of Commerce from McGill University. He sits on the boards of several philanthropic organizations including the Mt. Sinai Hospital Foundation, the Crescent School Foundation, and the Sterling Hall School Foundation.


Robin Smith Hoke²

Corporate Director

Robin Smith Hoke is a business and legal executive with over 25 years of healthcare and pharmaceutical experience in various legal and business roles where she focused on operations, strategy, business development, acquisitions, strategic relationships, and commercialization. Ms. Hoke currently serves as President & CEO of Leiters, a 503B FDA registered outsourcing service provider with manufacturing facilities in Denver, Colorado and San Jose, California. She also serves as a member of the Board of Directors of Camargo Pharmaceutical Services, LLC., a privately held 505(b)(2) global drug development and regulatory services company in Cincinnati, Ohio. She previously served as a member of the board of Oncobiologics, Inc., a publically held clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on identifying, developing, manufacturing and commercializing complex biosimilar therapeutics. She previously served as chair of the Board of Directors and interim chief executive officer at Ricerca Biosciences, LLC, a pre-clinical CRO. Prior to Ricerca, Ms. Hoke served as the president of GeneraMedix, Inc., a specialty generic injectable company and held senior legal and business roles at Cardinal Health, Inc. She also spent time with Abbott Laboratories, Inc., and served as a partner in the business law firm of Kegler, Brown, Hill & Ritter, Co., L.P.A.


¹ Member of the Audit Committee
² Member of the Nominating, Governance & Compensation Committee